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Compare Spending By State

Compare state and local welfare spending for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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in percent GDP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2017  +1yr +4yr
Amounts in percent GDP

State State
State and
 Alabama0.48%0.24%0.72%$219.52.4%4.9 more
 Alaska1.85%0.34%2.19%$51.31.6%0.7 more
 Arizona0.65%0.19%0.84%$311.82.1%7.0 more
 Arkansas0.71%0.15%0.86%$130.52.3%3.0 more
 California0.71%1.01%1.72%$2,702.33.3%39.9 more
 Colorado0.43%0.51%0.94%$337.63.1%5.7 more
 Connecticut0.94%0.39%1.33%$277.22.0%3.6 more
 Delaware0.59%0.08%0.67%$73.62.5%1.0 more
 District of Columbia0.76%1.31%2.07%$133.92.7%0.7 more
 Florida0.38%0.31%0.69%$969.52.9%21.0 more
 Georgia0.45%0.18%0.63%$541.32.7%10.5 more
 Hawaii1.29%0.40%1.69%$86.52.4%1.5 more
 Idaho0.68%0.04%0.72%$69.92.5%1.7 more
 Illinois1.04%0.25%1.28%$841.32.6%12.8 more
 Indiana0.91%0.09%1.00%$362.82.4%6.7 more
 Iowa0.56%0.04%0.59%$184.82.1%3.2 more
 Kansas0.65%0.07%0.72%$155.21.9%2.9 more
 Kentucky0.94%0.04%0.98%$209.02.2%4.5 more
 Louisiana0.51%0.20%0.71%$251.52.4%4.7 more
 Maine1.67%0.23%1.91%$60.51.9%1.3 more
 Maryland0.95%0.30%1.24%$392.92.3%6.1 more
 Massachusetts1.32%0.27%1.59%$517.82.5%6.9 more
 Michigan0.95%0.22%1.17%$505.92.3%9.9 more
 Minnesota0.83%0.80%1.63%$360.42.6%5.6 more
 Mississippi0.72%0.30%1.02%$113.72.1%3.0 more
 Missouri0.44%0.21%0.66%$315.92.3%6.1 more
 Montana0.86%0.16%1.03%$49.13.0%1.1 more
 Nebraska0.90%0.21%1.11%$122.12.5%1.9 more
 Nevada0.74%0.58%1.32%$154.82.8%3.0 more
 New Hampshire0.74%0.34%1.08%$77.92.1%1.3 more
 New Jersey0.99%0.22%1.22%$615.22.4%9.0 more
 New Mexico0.89%0.09%0.98%$94.02.1%2.1 more
 New York0.32%0.85%1.17%$1,557.62.3%19.9 more
 North Carolina0.28%0.44%0.72%$546.62.8%10.3 more
 North Dakota0.71%0.32%1.03%$54.51.1%0.8 more
 Ohio0.79%0.82%1.61%$653.02.4%11.6 more
 Oklahoma0.67%0.12%0.80%$180.42.3%4.0 more
 Oregon0.99%0.23%1.22%$237.13.3%4.1 more
 Pennsylvania0.79%0.43%1.22%$734.72.4%12.8 more
 Rhode Island1.52%0.43%1.96%$61.42.2%1.1 more
 South Carolina0.60%0.09%0.70%$216.42.5%5.0 more
 South Dakota0.79%0.13%0.92%$49.72.4%0.9 more
 Tennessee0.77%0.29%1.06%$342.02.5%6.7 more
 Texas0.50%0.15%0.65%$1,640.53.2%28.5 more
 All states combined0.65%0.46%1.11%$19,302.82.7%326.5 more
 Utah0.60%0.24%0.84%$160.03.0%3.1 more
 Vermont1.75%0.23%1.99%$32.41.9%0.6 more
 Virginia0.45%0.47%0.92%$517.72.3%8.5 more
 Washington0.70%0.37%1.07%$483.92.8%7.4 more
 West Virginia1.02%0.07%1.10%$76.31.8%1.8 more
 Wisconsin0.65%0.36%1.01%$331.32.4%5.8 more
 Wyoming0.80%0.10%0.89%$38.52.0%0.6 more
Notes: guesstimated1 estimated

1. "Guesstimated" by projecting the latest change in reported number forward to future years. GSP deviation from national GDP growth cut by 40% per year.

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> US, State Pop FY14

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2017:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Federal Deficit and Outlay Actuals for FY16

On October 14, 2016, the US Treasury reported in its Monthly Treasury Statement (and xls) for September that the federal deficit for FY 2016 ending September 30 was $587 billion. Here are the numbers, including total receipts, total outlays, and deficit compared with the numbers projected in the FY 2017 federal budget published in February 2016:

Federal Finances
FY 2016 Outcomes
Receipts $3,336$3,267
Deficit$616$587 now shows the new numbers for total FY 2016 outlays and receipts on its Estimate vs. Actual page.

The Monthly Treasury Statement includes ""Table 4: Receipts of the United States Government, September 2015 and Other Periods." This table of receipts by source is used for to post federal receipt actuals for FY 2016.

The Monthly Treasury Statement includes "Table 9. Summary of Receipts by Source, and Outlays by Function of the U.S. Government, September 2016 and Other Periods".   This table of outlays by function makes it possible for to estimate actual outlays by "subfunction" for FY 2016 by factoring budgeted amounts by the difference between budgeted and actual "function" amounts where actual outlays by subfunction cannot be gleaned from the Monthly Treasury Statement.

Final detailed FY 2016 numbers will not appear on until the FY 2018 federal budget is published in February 2017 with the actual outlays for FY 2016 in Historical Table 3.2--Outlays by Function and Subfunction.

Spend links

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