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State Growth And Debt Rank

Compare state and local spending and debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending and Debt
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2017  +1yr +4yr
Amounts in percent GDP
State State &
Local
Spending
State &
Local
Debt
Gross
State
Product
Real
State
Growth
Popu-
lation
(mln)
 Alabama19.96%14.00%$219.542.4%4.9 more
 Alaska34.00%15.38%$51.261.6%0.7 more
 Arizona18.44%15.59%$311.812.1%7.0 more
 Arkansas20.79%15.83%$130.492.3%3.0 more
 California19.89%17.18%$2,702.333.3%39.5 more
 Colorado18.54%16.92%$337.613.1%5.6 more
 Connecticut17.13%17.52%$277.152.0%3.6 more
 Delaware16.77%9.71%$73.552.5%1.0 more
 District of Columbia14.23%13.13%$133.862.7%0.7 more
 Florida18.56%18.65%$969.472.9%21.0 more
 Georgia15.94%11.64%$541.282.7%10.4 more
 Hawaii22.36%16.70%$86.492.4%1.4 more
 Idaho17.67%9.83%$69.862.5%1.7 more
 Illinois18.11%18.45%$841.342.6%12.8 more
 Indiana15.45%13.49%$362.792.4%6.7 more
 Iowa19.78%11.38%$184.762.1%3.1 more
 Kansas18.97%16.50%$155.191.9%2.9 more
 Kentucky21.25%18.50%$208.952.2%4.4 more
 Louisiana19.60%16.32%$251.532.4%4.7 more
 Maine23.31%14.44%$60.541.9%1.3 more
 Maryland18.81%13.65%$392.892.3%6.0 more
 Massachusetts17.87%17.03%$517.752.5%6.8 more
 Michigan18.80%15.79%$505.872.3%9.9 more
 Minnesota19.06%14.33%$360.352.6%5.6 more
 Mississippi26.74%12.71%$113.732.1%3.0 more
 Missouri16.72%15.73%$315.872.3%6.1 more
 Montana21.88%11.52%$49.123.0%1.1 more
 Nebraska18.24%13.31%$122.112.5%1.9 more
 Nevada16.45%16.82%$154.772.8%3.0 more
 New Hampshire16.02%12.48%$77.852.1%1.3 more
 New Jersey18.76%16.85%$615.232.4%9.0 more
 New Mexico24.93%15.11%$94.002.1%2.1 more
 New York20.81%22.71%$1,557.582.3%19.7 more
 North Carolina16.01%8.94%$546.582.8%10.3 more
 North Dakota18.56%11.17%$54.511.1%0.8 more
 Ohio20.02%14.54%$652.972.4%11.6 more
 Oklahoma20.06%9.88%$180.362.3%3.9 more
 Oregon21.02%16.02%$237.053.3%4.2 more
 Pennsylvania18.98%17.17%$734.722.4%12.8 more
 Rhode Island20.65%19.40%$61.412.2%1.1 more
 South Carolina23.15%21.31%$216.402.5%5.0 more
 South Dakota15.94%10.96%$49.702.4%0.9 more
 Tennessee18.36%9.24%$341.992.5%6.7 more
 Texas15.70%16.62%$1,640.543.2%28.3 more
 All states combined18.58%16.03%$19,302.802.7%325.4 more
 Utah17.51%13.89%$160.023.0%3.1 more
 Vermont24.69%14.56%$32.411.9%0.6 more
 Virginia15.94%12.98%$517.732.3%8.5 more
 Washington18.54%18.83%$483.922.8%7.4 more
 West Virginia22.99%17.02%$76.281.8%1.8 more
 Wisconsin19.19%12.53%$331.342.4%5.8 more
 Wyoming23.51%5.26%$38.502.0%0.6 more
Notes: guesstimated1 estimated

1. "Guesstimated" by projecting the latest change in reported number forward to future years. GSP deviation from national GDP growth cut by 40% per year.

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> Federal Budget FY18

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2017:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

FY18 Budget Blueprint Released

On March 16, 2018 the Trump administration issued a Budget Blueprint outlining proposed changes to "discretionary" spending for Fiscal Year 2018. The following table shows the major changes to Budget Authority in excess of $2 billion per agency.

AgencyFY18 Change
in $ billion
Agriculture-4.7
Defense+52.4
Education-9.2
Health and
Human Services
-12.6
Homeland
Security
+2.8
HUD-6.2
Justice-4.0
Labor-2.5
State and Intl Aid-10.9
Veterans+4.4
EPA-2.6

Because usgovernmentspending spending data is based on Historical Table 3.2, it shows spending by function rather than by agency. Until Table 3.2 is published in the final version of the FY18 budget we cannot exactly predict how the Table 3.2 numbers will change at the subfunction level.

But we have applied the Budget Blueprint budget authority changes into the budgeted FY18 outlays by guessing the application of agency level changes to subfunction changes to give a rough feeling of what the Trump changes look like. You can check out what is going on here or here.

The numbers will change when the final FY18 federal budget numbers come out.

Spend links

us numbersus budgetcustom chartdeficit/gdpspend/gdpdebt/gdpus gdpus real gdpstate gdpbreakdownfederalstatelocal201520162017californiatexas

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Christopher Chantrill.

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