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State Growth And Debt Rank

Compare state and local spending and debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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GSP Growth
as percent of GSP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending and Debt
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2012  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP
StateState &
State &
 North Dakota15.31%9.09%$52.221.7%0.7 more
 North Carolina18.98%11.56%$439.3-0.3%9.7 more
 Ohio20.71%14.92%$544.61.9%11.6 more
 Oklahoma17.96%10.80%$173.94.5%3.8 more
 Oregon20.27%17.55%$197.0-3.0%3.9 more
 New York23.32%26.16%$1,299.82.9%19.6 more
 New Mexico23.30%18.23%$90.50.3%2.1 more
 Nebraska19.61%14.78%$102.20.4%1.9 more
 Montana22.25%13.66%$42.11.1%1.0 more
 Nevada18.22%23.20%$125.2-0.2%2.8 more
 New Hampshire17.26%16.31%$66.00.9%1.3 more
 New Jersey19.64%19.85%$518.41.8%8.9 more
 Pennsylvania20.63%20.66%$626.31.1%12.8 more
 Rhode Island22.19%23.18%$51.51.0%1.1 more
 Washington19.24%19.37%$390.22.6%6.9 more
 Virginia15.98%14.70%$444.50.7%8.2 more
 West Virginia23.25%15.40%$70.9-1.5%1.9 more
 Wisconsin20.38%15.92%$273.91.4%5.7 more
 Wyoming21.89%6.01%$39.9-4.4%0.6 more
 Vermont24.63%16.25%$28.1-0.0%0.6 more
 Utah19.86%15.29%$129.00.8%2.9 more
 South Carolina23.68%23.03%$175.40.2%4.7 more
 South Dakota16.02%13.54%$43.3-0.9%0.8 more
 Tennessee19.83%13.19%$280.83.4%6.5 more
 Texas15.21%18.79%$1,440.85.4%26.1 more
 Missouri19.13%17.46%$265.20.7%6.0 more
 Mississippi27.19%14.29%$102.13.1%3.0 more
 Delaware17.27%13.55%$60.8-1.0%0.9 more
 Connecticut17.41%17.97%$238.30.2%3.6 more
 District of Columbia12.59%10.57%$109.8-0.0%0.6 more
 Florida20.60%19.21%$764.61.8%19.4 more
 Georgia18.03%12.82%$435.01.4%9.9 more
 Colorado17.69%18.51%$277.62.4%5.2 more
 California21.02%19.78%$2,121.62.4%38.1 more
 Alabama22.32%15.73%$187.31.0%4.8 more
 Alaska23.83%15.41%$61.65.5%0.7 more
 Arizona19.20%18.44%$266.12.1%6.6 more
 Arkansas21.76%12.52%$111.50.1%2.9 more
 Hawaii20.40%19.45%$72.11.3%1.4 more
 Idaho19.55%10.67%$58.50.4%1.6 more
 Maryland18.63%13.91%$331.40.4%5.9 more
 Maine23.79%16.42%$52.6-0.1%1.3 more
 Massachusetts18.14%22.25%$432.32.3%6.7 more
 Michigan21.21%18.30%$417.31.6%9.9 more
 Minnesota19.25%16.44%$294.71.3%5.4 more
 Louisiana19.76%14.77%$243.30.6%4.6 more
 Kentucky22.23%23.84%$178.21.1%4.4 more
 Illinois18.14%20.52%$712.62.3%12.9 more
 Indiana17.46%16.53%$299.90.2%6.5 more
 Iowa19.98%11.42%$159.13.7%3.1 more
 Kansas18.76%18.85%$141.60.6%2.9 more
 All states combined19.48%18.21%$16,155.32.2%314.1 more
Notes: estimated actual

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> US, State Pop FY14

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2012:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Federal Deficit and Outlay Actuals for FY16

On October 14, 2016, the US Treasury reported in its Monthly Treasury Statement (and xls) for September that the federal deficit for FY 2016 ending September 30 was $587 billion. Here are the numbers, including total receipts, total outlays, and deficit compared with the numbers projected in the FY 2017 federal budget published in February 2016:

Federal Finances
FY 2016 Outcomes
Receipts $3,336$3,267
Deficit$616$587 now shows the new numbers for total FY 2016 outlays and receipts on its Estimate vs. Actual page.

The Monthly Treasury Statement includes ""Table 4: Receipts of the United States Government, September 2015 and Other Periods." This table of receipts by source is used for to post federal receipt actuals for FY 2016.

The Monthly Treasury Statement includes "Table 9. Summary of Receipts by Source, and Outlays by Function of the U.S. Government, September 2016 and Other Periods".   This table of outlays by function makes it possible for to estimate actual outlays by "subfunction" for FY 2016 by factoring budgeted amounts by the difference between budgeted and actual "function" amounts where actual outlays by subfunction cannot be gleaned from the Monthly Treasury Statement.

Final detailed FY 2016 numbers will not appear on until the FY 2018 federal budget is published in February 2017 with the actual outlays for FY 2016 in Historical Table 3.2--Outlays by Function and Subfunction.

Spend links

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