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State Growth And Debt Rank

Compare state and local spending and debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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GSP Growth
as percent of GSP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending and Debt
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2012  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP
StateState &
State &
 North Dakota15.31%0.00%$0.121.7%0.7 more
 North Carolina18.98%0.00%$0.1-0.3%9.7 more
 Ohio20.71%0.00%$0.11.9%11.6 more
 Oklahoma17.96%0.00%$0.14.5%3.8 more
 Oregon20.27%0.00%$0.1-3.0%3.9 more
 New York23.32%0.00%$0.12.9%19.6 more
 New Mexico23.30%0.00%$0.10.3%2.1 more
 Nebraska19.61%0.00%$0.10.4%1.9 more
 Montana22.25%0.00%$0.11.1%1.0 more
 Nevada18.22%0.00%$0.1-0.2%2.8 more
 New Hampshire17.26%0.00%$0.10.9%1.3 more
 New Jersey19.64%0.00%$0.11.8%8.9 more
 Pennsylvania20.63%0.00%$0.11.1%12.8 more
 Rhode Island22.19%0.00%$0.11.0%1.1 more
 Washington19.24%0.00%$0.12.6%6.9 more
 Virginia15.98%0.00%$0.10.7%8.2 more
 West Virginia23.25%0.00%$0.1-1.5%1.9 more
 Wisconsin20.38%0.00%$0.11.4%5.7 more
 Wyoming21.89%0.00%$0.1-4.4%0.6 more
 Vermont24.63%0.00%$0.1-0.0%0.6 more
 Utah19.86%0.00%$0.10.8%2.9 more
 South Carolina23.68%0.00%$0.10.2%4.7 more
 South Dakota16.02%0.00%$0.1-0.9%0.8 more
 Tennessee19.83%0.00%$0.13.4%6.5 more
 Texas15.21%0.00%$0.15.4%26.1 more
 Missouri19.13%0.00%$0.10.7%6.0 more
 Mississippi27.19%0.00%$0.13.1%3.0 more
 Delaware17.27%0.00%$0.1-1.0%0.9 more
 Connecticut17.41%0.00%$0.10.2%3.6 more
 District of Columbia12.59%0.00%$0.1-0.0%0.6 more
 Florida20.60%0.00%$0.11.8%19.4 more
 Georgia18.03%0.00%$0.11.4%9.9 more
 Colorado17.69%0.00%$0.12.4%5.2 more
 California21.02%0.00%$0.12.4%38.1 more
 Alabama22.32%0.00%$0.11.0%4.8 more
 Alaska23.83%0.00%$0.15.5%0.7 more
 Arizona19.20%0.00%$0.12.1%6.6 more
 Arkansas21.76%0.00%$0.10.1%2.9 more
 Hawaii20.40%0.00%$0.11.3%1.4 more
 Idaho19.55%0.00%$0.10.4%1.6 more
 Maryland18.63%0.00%$0.10.4%5.9 more
 Maine23.79%0.00%$0.1-0.1%1.3 more
 Massachusetts18.14%0.00%$0.12.3%6.7 more
 Michigan21.21%0.00%$0.11.6%9.9 more
 Minnesota19.25%0.00%$0.11.3%5.4 more
 Louisiana19.76%0.00%$0.10.6%4.6 more
 Kentucky22.23%0.00%$0.11.1%4.4 more
 Illinois18.14%0.00%$0.12.3%12.9 more
 Indiana17.46%0.00%$0.10.2%6.5 more
 Iowa19.98%0.00%$0.13.7%3.1 more
 Kansas18.76%0.00%$0.10.6%2.9 more
 All states combined19.48%0.00%$0.12.2%314.1 more
Notes: estimated actual

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> State GDP CY14

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Data Sources for 2012:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Gross State Product Update for 2015

The US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released its Gross State Product (GSP) data for 2015 on June 14, 2016. has updated its individual state GSPs for 2015 and projected nominal and real GSP through 2020 for each state using the projected national GDP numbers from Table 10.1 in the Historical Tables for the Federal FY2016 Budget and the historical GDP data series from the BEA as a baseline.

As before we have projected individual state GSPs out to 2021 by applying a factor to reflect each state's deviation from the national growth rate. (E.g. In 2014 the national real GDP expanded by 2.4 percent. But North Dakota grew by 6.3 percent, a deviation of nearly 4 percent. The deviation is reduced by 40 percent for each year after 2014, making the assumption that each state will slowly revert to the national norm.) displays individual state data going back to 1957, but BEA has nominal GSP data going back to only 1963, and real GSP data going back to 1987.  Also the 1987-1997 real GSP data is in 1997 dollars, not 2009 dollars like the 1997-present data, and the pre-1997 data is based on a different model than post 1997 data.  For the pre-1997 data we have factored it to remove any "bumps" over the 1997 transition.

Because needs GSP data to provide e.g., spending as a percent of GDP, we have extended the two BEA GSP data series back to 1957.  We have assumed that the rate of change of GSP prior to 1963 is the same as the national GDP and we have assumed that the rate of change of real GSP prior to 1987 is the same as the nation real GDP growth rate.

Click here to view a complete list of US states and their 2015 GSP growth rates.

Budget News

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