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State Growth And Debt Rank

Compare state and local spending and debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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GSP Growth
as percent of GSP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending and Debt
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2012  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP
StateState &
Local
Spending
State &
Local
Debt
Gross
State
Product
Real
State
Growth
Popu-
lation
(mln)
 North Dakota15.29%9.48%$52.221.7%0.7 more
 North Carolina19.15%11.56%$439.3-0.3%9.7 more
 Ohio20.72%14.92%$544.61.9%11.6 more
 Oklahoma17.97%10.83%$173.94.5%3.8 more
 Oregon20.29%17.54%$197.0-3.0%3.9 more
 New York22.98%26.18%$1,299.82.9%19.6 more
 New Mexico23.32%18.22%$90.50.3%2.1 more
 Nebraska19.60%14.79%$102.20.4%1.9 more
 Montana22.25%13.65%$42.11.1%1.0 more
 Nevada18.31%22.95%$125.2-0.2%2.8 more
 New Hampshire17.23%16.34%$66.00.9%1.3 more
 New Jersey19.64%19.85%$518.41.8%8.9 more
 Pennsylvania20.70%20.67%$626.31.1%12.8 more
 Rhode Island22.21%23.18%$51.51.0%1.1 more
 Washington19.24%19.51%$390.22.6%6.9 more
 Virginia16.06%14.69%$444.50.7%8.2 more
 West Virginia23.27%15.40%$70.9-1.5%1.9 more
 Wisconsin20.40%15.91%$273.91.4%5.7 more
 Wyoming21.90%6.01%$39.9-4.4%0.6 more
 Vermont24.67%16.30%$28.1-0.0%0.6 more
 Utah19.84%15.29%$129.00.8%2.9 more
 South Carolina23.66%23.36%$175.40.2%4.7 more
 South Dakota16.02%13.54%$43.3-0.9%0.8 more
 Tennessee19.87%13.20%$280.83.4%6.5 more
 Texas15.18%18.80%$1,440.85.4%26.1 more
 Missouri19.32%17.43%$265.20.7%6.0 more
 Mississippi27.19%14.29%$102.13.1%3.0 more
 Delaware17.27%13.55%$60.8-1.0%0.9 more
 Connecticut17.29%17.97%$238.30.2%3.6 more
 District of Columbia12.59%10.57%$109.8-0.0%0.6 more
 Florida20.60%19.22%$764.61.8%19.3 more
 Georgia18.00%12.83%$435.01.4%9.9 more
 Colorado17.91%18.50%$277.62.4%5.2 more
 California21.06%19.80%$2,121.62.4%38.0 more
 Alabama22.26%15.65%$187.31.0%4.8 more
 Alaska23.80%15.42%$61.65.5%0.7 more
 Arizona19.23%18.59%$266.12.1%6.5 more
 Arkansas21.79%12.52%$111.50.1%3.0 more
 Hawaii20.49%19.45%$72.11.3%1.4 more
 Idaho19.42%10.67%$58.50.4%1.6 more
 Maryland18.64%13.93%$331.40.4%5.9 more
 Maine23.79%16.41%$52.6-0.1%1.3 more
 Massachusetts18.38%22.19%$432.32.3%6.7 more
 Michigan21.24%18.43%$417.31.6%9.9 more
 Minnesota19.20%16.41%$294.71.3%5.4 more
 Louisiana19.76%16.14%$243.30.6%4.6 more
 Kentucky22.21%23.89%$178.21.1%4.4 more
 Illinois18.07%20.52%$712.62.3%12.9 more
 Indiana17.49%16.65%$299.90.2%6.5 more
 Iowa19.99%11.42%$159.13.7%3.1 more
 Kansas18.76%18.89%$141.60.6%2.9 more
 All states combined19.48%18.25%$16,155.32.2%314.0 more
Notes: estimated actual

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> Federal Budget FY16

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2012:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

The Feds Borrow More Than The "Deficit"

People naturally assume that the annual Deficit is the total that the Federal government borrows each year. Actually this is not so. The Deficit is simply the difference between Federal Outlays and Federal Receipts. Usually, the Feds borrow a lot more than the official Deficit.

Like below, in $ billion:

YearGross
Debt
Debt
Increase
Federal
Deficit
Other
Borrow
2000562924-236259
20057905551318232
20101352916531294359
20111476412351300-64
20121605112871087200
201316719669680-11
2014177951075485590
201518120326438-113
2016195371417587830

We have provided the difference between the Debt increase and the Deficit for each year under "Other Borrowings" on the Spending Details page. To Recap:

Other Borrowings = (Increase in Federal Debt) - (Official Deficit)

Spend links

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